About Our Atlantic Canadian Province

Our Premier

The Honourable Andrew Furey,

The Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

Web Links

Trans Canada Highway Online Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Parks and Natural Reserves
Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism Terra Nova National Park Topographic Maps
Newfoundland and Labrador Tourism Guide Gros Morne National Park Newfoundland Highway Driving Conditions
Newfoundland Online Gros Morne Online  

How to Get Here?

By Water

By Air By Road

Superferries that can carry hundreds of vehicles and passengers operated year round between North Sydney, Nova Scotia and Port Aux Basques in southwestern Newfoundland. A Superferry also sails between North Sydney and Argentia (90 min from St. John's), on the Avalon Peninsula from June to September. In summer a passenger ferry operates between St. Pierre and Miquelon, a little piece of France just off the Burin Peninsula, and Fortune just 20km away. A coastal passenger and freight vessel sails along the North Shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence from Natashquan at the end of Quebec Route 138 to Blanc Sablon where you can either drive along Route 510 in southern Labrador, or take the Strait of Belle Isle ferry to St. Barbe on Newfoundland's west coast.

When you choose to travel to Newfoundland & Labrador by air, you can be certain that you can reach all area's of the province and immediately get close to all the wonderful sights and happenings that you're coming for. Convenient flight times and schedules help you make your travel plans to suit your purposes. Wherever you're coming from, there's a wide variety of international and connector airlines at your service. There are international airports at St. John's, and Gander, and domestic airports at Deer Lake, Stephenville, St. Anthony, Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Churchill Falls and Wabush.

(Some airlines: Air Canada, Air Canada Tango, Air Canada Jazz, Provincial Airlines, Air Labrador, Canjet)

You can drive to Labrador City and Wabush via Quebec Route 389, or take the train from Sept Isles, Quebec. The Quebec Highway, meets unpaved Route 500 which crosses Labrador to meet the ferry or coastal boat at Happy Valley-Goose Bay. The rail line is owned by Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway.

Our Climate

The island of Newfoundland has a temperate maritime climate. Winters are usually mild with a normal temperature of 0 Celsius. Summer days range from cool to hot with a normal temperature of 16 Celsius. Good swimming weather begins at the end of June. The normal annual rainfall is 1050 mm and the normal annual snowfall is 300 cm. Labrador winters are much colder than those on the island, while summers are shorter and generally cooler, extreme high temperatures are not uncommon.

Time Zones

Newfoundland is located in a time zone unique in North America, half an hour later than Atlantic Time, one and a half hours later than Central Canada and four and a half hours later than the west coast of the country, the only place in Canada with a split in the set variations of one hour between time zones. Daylight Saving Time is observed from April to October after which the province returns to Newfoundland Standard Time. Labrador operates on Atlantic Time, except for the portion between L'Anse au Clair and Norman Bay, which is on Newfoundland time.

Our Currency

The Canadian dollar is the currency used in Newfoundland & Labrador, and we strongly advise you to convert your national currency into Canadian dollars before leaving home. Some retailers will accept American dollars, but probably not at the official exchange rate, and will not accept any other foreign currency. If you bring foreign currency into Canada, please contact any chartered bank for current exchange rates. There is no currency exchange house/kiosk in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Units of Measure

SI Units - Metric, all speed, service, and distance signs are posted in SI, the International System of Units. [1 kilometer(km)=1000 meters(m), 1 meter=100 centimeters(cm), 1 centimeter=10 millimeters(mm)]

Temperature is measured in degrees of Celsius. 0 is freezing, 100 is boiling, whereas for Fahrenheit 32 is freezing, and 200 is boiling.

Province Wide Provincial Visitor Information Centres

Location Phone #
North Sydney 1-902-794-7433
Channel-Port Aux Basques 1-709-695-2262
Deer Lake 1-709-635-2202
Notre Dame Junction 1-709-535-8547
Clarenville 1-709-466-3100
Whitbourne 1-709-759-2170
Argentia 1-709-227-5272

Radio Stations

AM Frequency

Frequency Call Sign Name / Affiliate Location
 1240 CKIM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Baie Verte
990 CBY CBC Radio One Bay of Islands
750 CBGY CBC Radio One Bonavista Bay
570 CBNK CBC Radio One Cartwright
710 CKVO VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
640 CBN CBC Radio One Conception Bay
990 CBY CBC Radio One Corner Brook
570 CFCB VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Corner Brook
650 CKGA VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
1400 CBG CBC Radio One Gander
1090 CBNG CBC Radio One Glovertown
1230 CFLN VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Goose Bay
540 CBT CBC Radio One Grand Falls
620 CKCM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Grand Falls
740 CHCM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
640 CBN CBC Radio One Mount Pearl
740 CBNZ CBC Radio One Nain
640 CBN CBC Radio One Paradise
990 CBY CBC Radio One Pasadena
1230 CFGN VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Port Aux Basques
790 CFNW VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Port Aux Choix
600 CBNA CBC Radio One St. Anthony
930 CJYQ Kixx Country 930
Stingray Digital
St. John's
590 VOCM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
St. John's
640 CBN CBC Radio One St. John's
800 VOWR United Gospel St. John's
1230 VOAR Christian Family Radio St. John's
870 CFSX VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
1340 CFLW VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital

FM Frequency

Frequency Call Sign Name Location
100.3 CFOZ-FM Oz-FM Argentia
97.1 CBTB-FM CBC Radio One Baie Verte
92.1 CJOZ-FM Oz-FM Bonavista Bay
89.1 CBNF-FM CBC Radio One Bonne Bay
95.5 CBNR-FM CBC Radio One Burgeo



Kixx County

Stingray Digital


92.5 CBGC-FM CBC Radio One Carmanville
97.9 CFLC-FM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Churchill Falls
91.1 CBQA-FM CBC Radio One Churchill Falls
105.3 CKCV-FM Oz-FM Clarenville
93.7 CBNL-FM CBC Radio One Clarenville
92.3 CKOZ-FM Oz-FM Corner Brook
103.9 CKXX-FM K-Rock
Stingray Digital
Corner Brook
91.1 CBN FM-2 CBC Music Corner Brook
97.9 CFDL-FM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
Deer Lake
96.3 CBDT-FM CBC Radio One Deer Lake
90.5 CBN FM-3 CBC Music Deer Lake
101.7 CBGF-FM CBC Radio One Fox Harbour
95.5 CHOS-FM Oz-FM Gander
98.7 CKXD-FM K-Rock
Stingray Digital
102.3 CKXG-FM K-Rock
Stingray Digital
Grand Falls
95.5 CHOS-FM Oz-FM Grand Falls
90.7 CBN-FM-1 CBC Music Grand Falls
101.5 CBTJ-FM CBC Radio One Hampden
89.5 CFGB-FM CBC Radio One Happy Valley-Goose Bay
91.1 CBNN-FM CBC Radio One Hopedale
96.3 CBDQ-FM CBC Radio One Labrador City
103.5 CBNI-FM CBC Radio One Makkovik
96.3 CIOZ-FM Oz-FM Marystown
90.3 CBNM-FM CBC Radio One Marystown
90.1 CBTL-FM CBC Radio One Millertown
98.7 CBYM-FM CBC Radio One Mount. St. Margaret
95.5 CHOS-FM Oz-FM Norris Arm
96.9 CKSS-FM Oz-FM Port Aux Basques
91.9 CBNE-FM CBC Radio One Port Aux Basques
105.1 CBNP-FM CBC Radio One Port Hope Simpson
90.5 CBNJ-FM CBC Radio One Port Saunders
89.5 CBYP-FM CBC Radio One Portland Creek
105.1 CBND-FM CBC Radio One Postville
92.9 CBTR-FM CBC Radio One Roddickton
99.1 CBNS-FM CBC Radio One St. Alban's
97.7 CFCV-FM VOCM Radio
Stingray Digital
St. Andrew's
93.7 CBNH-FM CBC Radio One St. Andrew's
93.5 CHMR-FM Memorial University St. John's
94.7 CHOZ-FM Oz-FM St. John's
101.1 CKSJ-FM Coast 101.1 FM St. John's
97.5 VOCM-FM K-Rock
Stingray Digital
St. John's
99.1 CKIX-FM Hits FM
Stingray Digital
St. John's
106.9 CBN-FM CBC Music St. John's
103.9 CKXX-FM-1 K-Rock
Stingray Digital
98.5 CIOS-FM Oz-FM Stephenville
88.7 CBNC-FM CBC Radio One Stephenville
104.3 CBNO-FM CBC Radio One Swift Current
95.3 CBNQ-FM CBC Radio One Trepassey
93.9 CJBI-FM Radio Bell Island Wabana

Some Statistics:

Population Land Area

Water Area

Coast Line

Total Population: 519, 716

405,212 km2, more than three times the total area of the Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island)


Newfoundland - 111,390 km2
Labrador - 294,330 km2

34,030 km2

Newfoundland - 9,656 km

Labrador - 7,886 km

Total - 17,542 km

Provincial Capital

St. John's is the capital of Newfoundland and Labrador. The City's population is 108,860; while the metro area population is about 205,955.

"Ode to Newfoundland"

When sun-rays crown thy pine-clad hills
And summer spreads her hand,
When silvern voices tune thy rills,
We love thee, smiling land.

When spreads thy cloak of shimmering white,
At winter's stern command,
Through shortened day and starlit night,
We love thee, frozen land.

When blinding storm gusts fret thy shore
And wild waves lash thy strand,
Through spindrift swirl and tempest roar,
We love thee, wind-swept land,

As loved our fathers, so we love,
Where once they stood we stand,
Their prayer we raise to Heaven above,
God guard thee, Newfoundland

by Sir Cavendish Boyle

Current Flag of Newfoundland & Labrador

The flag of Newfoundland and Labrador was introduced in 1980, and was designed by Newfoundland artist Christopher Pratt. The flag design, with the proportions 2:1, was approved by the House of Assembly of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, on May 28, 1980. It was flown for the first time on Discovery Day; June 24, 1980.


The design was chosen due to its broad symbolism. The blue colour represents the sea, the white colour represents snow and ice of winter, the red colour represents the effort and struggle of Newfoundlanders and Labradorians, and the gold colour symbolizes the confidence Newfoundlanders and Labradorians have in themselves and for the future.


The blue triangles are meant as a tribute to the Union Flag, and stand for the British heritage of Newfoundland and Labrador. The two red triangles are meant to represent the two areas of the province — the mainland and the island. The gold arrow, according to Pratt, points towards a "brighter future"; the arrow becomes a sword, honouring the sacrifices of Newfoundlanders in military service when the flag is draped as a vertical banner. The red triangles and the gold arrow form a trident, symbolizing the province's dependence on its fisheries and the resources of the sea.


Previous flag of Newfoundland & Labrador: Union Jack (1931-'49; 1952-'80)

Quick Summary of Newfoundland & Labrador Flags:

Newfoundland & Labrador

Official Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador since 1980. Designed by Newfoundland artist Christopher Pratt and replaced the Union Jack as the Provincial Flag. It was flown for the first time on June 24th, 1980 (Discovery Day).

Flag of Labrador

Unofficial Flag of Labrador since 1973. Designed by Michael S. Martin, the top white bar represents the snow which colours the culture and lifestyle of Labradorians like no other element. The bottom blue bar represents the waters of Labrador which serve as the highway and sustainer of the people of Labrador. The centre green bar represents the nurturing land. It is thinner than the other two, as the northern climes of Labrador have short summers.

The twig is in two year-growths to represent the past and future of Labrador. The shorter growth of the inner twigs represents the hardships of the past, while the outer twigs are longer as a representation of the hope Labradorians have for the future. The three branches represent the three founding nations of Labrador; the Innu, the Inuit, and the white settler. The three branches emerging from a single stalk represents the unity of the distinct peoples in the brotherhood of mankind.

Newfoundland Tri-Colour

Unofficial Flag of Newfoundland & Labrador. Originating from the 1880's as the flag of an Roman Catholic fraternal group in St. John's. Some deemed to be once the flag of Newfoundland but was never the case. The colours are green, white & rose, with it being perhaps the oldest popularly recognized flags in the world to use the colour rose.

Union Jack

Official national flag of the Dominion of Newfoundland from 1931-1949; Official provincial flag of Newfoundland from 1952-1980. However the Newfoundland & Labrador branch of the Royal Canadian Legion doesn't recognize the new flag since the soldiers of the Dominion fought in World War 1 and 2 under the Union Jack. The Legion continues to display the Union Flag.


The Red Ensign served as the Colony of Newfoundland's civil ensign and was the only official colonial flag until the reign of Queen Victoria. In 1904 the British Parliament designated a Red & Blue Ensign with each having the Great Seal of Newfoundland thus becoming the Dominion of Newfoundland offiicial flags from 1904 until 1931.


Newfoundland Coat of Arms:

The Great Seal of Newfoundland & Labrador:

Motto: "Quaretite prime Regnum"

Flower: Purple pitcher plant

Tree: Black Spruce (Picea Mariana)

Bird: Atlantic Puffin

Mineral: Labradorite

Game Bird: Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus)

Animal: Newfoundland pony

Animal: Newfoundland dog / Labrador Retriever

Common Animals in Newfoundland: Moose, Black Bear, Mink, Pine Martin, Snowshoe Hare, Coyote, Beaver, Atlantic Puffin, Loon, Caribou, Lynx, Fox, Owl, Bald Eagle's, Osprey (fish hawk), Blue Jay, Grey Jay, Black Ducks, Canada Geese.

Common Trees/Shrubs in Newfoundland: White Spruce (Picea Glauca), Black Spruce (Picea Mariana), Balsam Fir (Abies Balsamea), Rhodara (Rhododendron Canadense), Mountain Alder (Alnus Viridis, Crispa), Sweetgale (Myrica Gale), Labrador Tea (Rhododendron Groenlandicum), Tamarack Larch (Larix Laricina) often called a juniper locally.