RULES OF FORTY-FIVES/45'S
The Playing Card Game
Basic Rules for Playing Card Game 45s
To start, each player receives three cards starting with the first player to the left of the dealer. The cards are dealt at once, meaning the first player will receive the first three cards off of the deck, followed by the player to his or her left.
Next, the dealer will give each player another two cards dealt in the same manner.
Once the initial deal is done, the players will turn the next card face up and place it at the top of the deck. This card will become the trump suit. Should an Ace turn up, the dealer will take the Ace and discard a card from their hand. The trump suit will be whatever suit the Ace was. If the dealer refuses to discard, he revokes his ability to rob the deck (explained below). If by chance a Joker is turned face up, the dealer takes the Joker but the trump suit will be determined by the next card.
If a player receives the trump Ace during the initial deal he must claim the card that was turned face up and discard one of his own prior to playing his first card. If he fails to do this, his Ace will become the lowest “Trump” card.
Rules for Playing the Game
Now that the deal is out of the way, each player will take their turn in a clockwise position and lay down one card. The winner of the trick is determined in the same manner as Euchre, whereby the player with the highest card takes the trick. The winner for each trick receives five points.
Bonus points can be awarded at the
end of each round whereby the player that laid the best card wins an
extra 10 points.
Canadian Version of 45s (Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, New Brunswick)
45s is a popular card game in the Atlantic Provinces spreading across Cape Breton to Halifax. The 45s tournaments are played in a round robin fashion, similar to Euchre tournaments with three teams winning out of hundreds participating.
Hand Rankings in Card Game 45s (Forty Fives)
Black is played low to high, while red is played high to low. General rankings are as follows;
Hand Rankings for Red Trump
5 of suit, Jack of Suit, Ace of Hearts (regardless of what suit is), Joker, Ace of Suit (not applicable if trump is hearts), K, Q, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 4, 3, 2
Hand Rankings for Black Trump
5 of Suit, Jack or Suit, Ace of Hearts, Joker, Ace of Suit, K, Q, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Hand Rankings of Non Trump Red Cards
K, Q, J, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, A (Ace only in Diamonds
Hand Rankings of Non Trump Black Cards
K, Q, J, A, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10